What is an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number?
An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) is a tax processing number issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States for individuals who are not eligible to obtain a Social Security Number (SSN). A nine-digit number begins with “9” and is used for tax purposes only.
The ITIN is used to identify individuals for tax reporting purposes and is required to file a tax return, open a bank account, or apply for a loan. The ITIN does not provide eligibility for Social Security benefits, nor does it provide work authorization.
How to Get an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number?
To get an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) in the United States, you can follow these steps:
- Determine if you need an ITIN: If you are not eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN) and have a federal tax reporting requirement, you may need an ITIN.
- Gather required documents: You must provide proof of identity and foreign status. Acceptable documents include passports, national ID cards, and birth certificates.
- Complete Form W-7: Fill out Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. Be sure to complete all sections of the form, including the reason for applying and the federal tax return that requires the ITIN.
- Submit the application and documents: You can submit the application and documents to the IRS by mail or in person at an IRS Taxpayer Assistance Center. The application and documents will be reviewed and processed, and you will receive a letter from the IRS with your ITIN.
Obtaining an ITIN can take several weeks, so applying as early as possible is recommended if you know you will need one.
Also, See: Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN)